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Policy Briefs

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Latest Policy Briefs and Reports

Climate Change and Conflict

Climate Change and Health: A Security Challenge in the Pacific Islands

Policy Brief  No.166 - August, 2023 • By John Connell

This Policy Brief discusses, and provides an overview of, the impacts of climate change on health in the Pacific Island countries (PICs). Physical and mental health in PICs is particularly vulnerable to climate change, both directly, as an outcome of temperature increases and hazards, and indirectly, through increased threats to livelihoods. The health impacts of climate change constitute a slowly increasing threat to human security, but policies and practices centred on workforce development may minimise such threats and risks. The Policy Brief concludes with suggestions and recommendations for policy directions.

Climate Change and Conflict

Barriers and Limits to Climate Security in the Pacific

Policy Brief  No.164 - July, 2023 • By Timothy Bryar

This policy brief seeks to examine the key barriers and limits preventing the Pacific from achieving its climate security goals through adaptation and what options might exist for the Pacific to overcome such constraints. Climate change remains the single greatest security threat to the Pacific Islands region. With emissions gaps persisting and agreements on mitigation efforts remaining contested, enabling opportunities for adaptation is now more crucial than ever for Pacific Island countries to meet their climate security ambitions.

Cooperative Security, Arms Control and Disarmament

Major Powers in a Shifting Global Order

Policy Brief  No.162 - July, 2023 • By Sverre Lodgaard

This Policy Brief outlines approaches to measuring power in international affairs and surveys the current state of global order using a variety of factors which fall under the headings of control over resources, control over actors, and control over events and outcomes Depending on the weight given to these variables on their own or in combination, global power could be viewed as unipolar, bipolar or multipolar. In summary, autocratisation is growing, democracy is on the defensive, globalisation is slowing, and the Western world is in the midst of a major rearmament drive.