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Policy Briefs

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Latest Policy Briefs and Reports

Cooperative Security, Arms Control and Disarmament

Achieving The Possible Against the Odds: “A Middle East Nuclear and WMD Free Zone”

Policy Brief  No.120 - November, 2021 • By Tariq Rauf

Given the infighting and discord among states of the region of the Middle East over many issues, it seems that the air has gone out of their balloon to achieve a Middle East Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone; they seem content merely to make supportive noises but not to advance the process. The 2021 UN Middle East Conference in November 2021 and the NPT review conference in January 2022 provide further opportunities for the NPT states of the region of the Middle East, and other states, as well as international organisations in attendance, to discuss the various aspects of a potential future treaty that could garner the support of all states of the region, and commission the required technical inputs.

Climate Change and Conflict

Vanishing Homelands: Climate Security, Displacement and Human Rights: A Pacific Focus

Policy Brief  No.119 - November, 2021 • By Kirsten Davies and Emelia Caliskan

Climate change is having profound impacts on the displacement of communities and the stability of peace and security. As climate displacement continues to rise at an unprecedented rate, it is compounded by many variables which can be described collectively as ‘nexus dynamics’. This Policy Brief examines the protection of climate-displaced people, highlighting the limitations and effectiveness of existing refugee frameworks. It recognises a shift in the factors driving human displacement, such as climate change, which are not limited to ‘the fear of persecution’, as has traditionally defined ‘refugees’. This Brief advocates for the implementation of a human rights-based framework to protect and preserve the life and dignity of those embarking on a relocation process, whether forced or voluntary. It discusses how displacement is impacting the Pacific Region which is highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and is experiencing vanishing homelands due to rising sea levels. The conclusion offers a range of policy recommendations designed to assist Pacific states in the protection and support of climate-displaced persons and in the maintenance of peace and security.

Cooperative Security, Arms Control and Disarmament Peace and Security in Northeast Asia

China, Cambodia and the Myanmar Crisis

Policy Brief  No.118 - November, 2021 • By Denise Garcia

In preparation for the Seoul Peace Initiative Conference (SPIC) on 8/9 November, this paper discusses several dilemmas faced by China in relation to the ongoing political, economic, social and health crisis in Myanmar. It concludes that China has a chance to work constructively with ASEAN under Cambodia’s chairmanship in 2022 to obtain Aung San Suu Kyi’s release, the reconstitution of the national assembly elected in 2020, and the formation of an interim coalition government until new free and fair elections can be held.

Climate Change and Conflict Contemporary Peace Research and Practice

Warming to a New Definition and Call for Global Action: Humanity’s Security

Policy Brief  No.117 - October, 2021 • By Denise Garcia

The world is in the throes of two classically defined global problems that confront humanity: climate change and a ruinous pandemic. Everyone is affected; only global solutions can solve them and a truly commonly agreed blueprint is needed not only to face ongoing threats, but to avoid the worst to come in the near future. Decisive joint action in the interests of all humanity is required. In the light of the stark losses incurred by the world economy as a consequence of both these problems, I argue that a new conceptualization of security must be embraced now: humanity’s security. This is a call for action that requires states to pool their resources, capacities and strengths for the common good of humanity to attain global public goods on a planetary scale.

Climate Change and Conflict

Diaspora-led Dialogue: Climate Change Challenges to the Cultural Identity and Sovereignty of Pacific Atoll Nations

Summary Report  No.116 - October, 2021 • By Taukiei Kitara, James Bhagwan, Maina Talia, Enele Sopoaga, Anote Tong, Kathy Jetnil-Kijiner, Tammy Tabe, Tereeao Teingiia-Ratite, Exsley Taloiburi, Yessie Mosby, Katerina Teaiwa, Peter Emberson, Ian Fry, Susan Harris-Rimmer, Simon Kofe, and Carol Farbotko

In 2020, the Pacific Island Council of Queensland (PICQ) in partnership with Friends of the Earth Australia (FOE) hosted two online forums on the topic of Climate Change Challenges to the Sovereignty of Pacific Atoll Nations. In 2021, PICQ continued the dialogue, hosting an online conference on Climate Change Challenges to the Cultural Identity and Sovereignty of Pacific Atoll Nations. This report, co-written by many prominent and expert speakers who presented at these events, outlines the themes covered in the online forums and the learnings from the Conference. It concludes with arenas for action on which cultural identity and sovereignty must be pursued, all of which are important given the complex, multi-faceted natured of climate change.