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Policy Briefs

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Latest Policy Briefs and Reports

Climate Change and Conflict

Climate Governance in Somaliland: Policy Gaps, Challenges and Participatory Approaches Towards Pastoral Climate Resilience

Policy Brief  No.195 - June, 2024 • By Sharmaarke Abdi Musse

This Policy Brief addresses the critical challenge of climate change adaptation in Somaliland, where the impacts of climate change have led to severe social, economic, political, and ecological consequences. Climate change has already had profound effects for pastoralists whose livelihoods rely heavily on livestock, making them highly vulnerable to climate variability and change. The paper emphasizes the urgent need for climate policies and adaptation strategies that cater to the context’s specific needs, effectively bridging global climate action consensus with localized approaches. It concludes with recommendations for the Somali Government, other Somali stakeholders and for the international community.

Voters Tell Modi: Keep Going, But Under Caution

Policy Brief  No.194 - June, 2024 • By Ramesh Thakur

The biggest takeaway from India’s eighteenth general election is that the death of Indian democracy has been much exaggerated. The exercise was a resounding win for the election machinery of the world’s most populous democracy. The entire exercise and the outcome affirm once again the competence, professionalism and integrity of the country’s election machinery. The truth is that Modi’s India has become more illiberal than many Indians, as well as Westerners, are comfortable with, but his mass appeal has endured because he has provided the most competent governance in decades that delivered more tangible outcomes on the ground.

Climate Change and Conflict

Climate Change-Induced Community Relocation in Fiji: Challenges and Ways Forward

Policy Brief  No.192 - June, 2024 • By Paulo Baleinakorodawa and Volker Boege

This report addresses the challenges of planned relocation, looking at cases in Fiji, and it presents a specific promising community engagement approach that is pursued by the peacebuilding NGO Transcend Oceania in its work with Fijian communities. Transcend Oceania’s approach encourages a shift away from the conventional ‘victimhood’ discourse; affected communities see themselves as active agents rather than entirely dependent on external assistance. This approach offers some insights that can provide guidance for other relocation endeavours in the Pacific and more generally.

Narendra Modi’s War on Civil Society on the Cusp

Policy Brief  No.191 - May, 2024 • By Debasish Roy Chowdhury

This Policy Brief draws attention to thousands of civil society organizations which have died in the attack launched by India’s right-wing government that sees them as an internal threat to the state. The fate of many more, like India’s tottering democracy itself, hangs on the result of the ongoing election.