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Cooperative Security, Arms Control and Disarmament Policy Brief  No.43 - July, 2019

The Dragon and the Elephant: India’s Perspectives on Sino-Indian Relations

China and India are the two most populous countries in the world and relations between them oscillate between conflict, competition and cooperation. Both countries have dynamic economies. They have fought a war with each other, continue to tussle over territory at their shared border and both invest heavily in their military posture. Their trade relations have greatly improved and cordial cooperation in various global and regional forums brought them closer to each other in selected political and economic areas. Is there hope for better conflict management, for fruitful competition, and for improving collaboration? Successful cooperation would not only improve the economic and political relations as well as the security situation in the region; it could also have positive effects on the troubled global order. Although tensions and conflicts are apparent, there is no insurmountable barrier to a return to the India-China brotherhood relations of the 1950s.