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Policy Briefs on Climate Change and Conflict

Climate Change and Conflict

Toda Oceania Declaration on Climate Change, Conflict and Peace

Declaration  No 41 - May, 2019

A Declaration on Climate Change, Conflict and Peace specific to Oceania is an important outcome of the Toda Peace Institute’s workshop “Climate Change and Conflict in the Pacific: Prevention, Management and the Enhancement of Community Resilience” which was held in September 2018. The workshop brought together international experts on climate change and security, policymakers, local peacebuilding practitioners and civil society actors from Europe, North America, Australia, New Zealand and Pacific Island Countries. The key goal of the workshop was to set a framework for research that informs policy and produces real-world initiatives to address the linkages between the effects of climate change, conflict, security and peace, through dialogue between researchers, governments, civil society and communities in Oceania. Please download and view the draft Declaration which was endorsed by the Steering Committee formed after the workshop. We invite you to submit comments and suggestions for changes to this draft. After extensive consultation we shall revise the text in the light of those submissions. Please send your suggestions before 30 June 2019 to v.boege@icloud.com After the consultation process, we shall invite institutions and individuals from civil society, academia, governments and other stakeholders to endorse the final Declaration.

Climate Change and Conflict

Climate Change, Migration and Land in Oceania

Policy Brief  No 37 - April, 2019

Over 90 per cent of land in Pacific Islands is held in a range of customary forms of communal ownership, belonging as much to past and future generations as it does to the present. In most cases it cannot be bought or sold although some countries have provisions for longterm leases. Land is a critical component of Pacific Island societies and in most places the people and their land are mutually constituted. One cannot be considered complete without the other. Climate change poses two broad problems in relation to this union. First, it may damage the land so that its ability to support its people is curtailed or even destroyed. This will not only have serious implications for the material security of the affected communities but may also affect their emotional and spiritual wellbeing. It is likely that many people will be induced or forced to leave their ancestral lands and find new homes. Second, relocation and resettlement of individual families, and in some cases whole communities, will require new land to be found, a task that will be made difficult because other communities are unable to sell or give their land away. Where there has been significant in-migration to areas in the region, tensions and conflict have often arisen, frequently with land as a significant underlying issue. Finding durable solutions for climate change migrants is likely to be a critical issue in the future.

Climate Change and Conflict

Climate change, Conflict and Peacebuilding in Solomon Islands

Policy Brief  No 36 - March, 2019

This paper considers the conflict impacts of climate change and outlines potential opportunities for peacebuilding in Solomon Islands, a small independent state in the region of Oceania. Climate change is not viewed here as a standalone issue but as an embedded dimension of contemporary environmental, political, social, economic, and cosmological/spiritual settings.

Climate Change and Conflict

Social Implications of Climate Change in Vanuatu: Potential for Conflict, Avenues for Conflict Prevention, and Peace Building

Policy Brief  No 35 - March, 2019

The ‘perfect storm’ is brewing as Vanuatu’s population grows and its exposure to climate risks escalates as the planet continues to warm. It is widely accepted that the consequences of climate change are disproportionately burdening vulnerable, developing states, such as those across the South Pacific region.

Climate Change and Conflict

Climate Change-Induced Relocation: Problems and Achievements—the Carterets Case

Policy Brief  No 33 - February, 2019

In Pacific Island Countries, the planned relocation of island communities affected by climate change is increasingly being discussed as an adaptation measure of last resort. While some planning is proceeding, there is as yet little actual resettlement activity. However, this is set to change in the not-too-distant future. This Policy Brief presents one prominent case of resettlement – relocation from the Carterets atoll, part of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, Papua New Guinea, to the main island of Bougainville.