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Cooperative Security, Arms Control and Disarmament Policy Brief  No.150 - January, 2023 • By Lou Chunhao

Geopolitical ‘Entanglements’ and the China–India–Pakistan Nuclear Trilemma

Image: Daniel Prudek/Shutterstock.com

The geopolitical situation in South Asia is witnessing entangled trends, which are reflected as chronic India–Pakistan confrontation, the frigid China–India relationship and the increasing US–China competition. This Policy Brief analyses the competitive US–China relationship and its implications for the China–India–Pakistan nuclear trilemma. It then examines the frigid China–India relationship and its implications for the China–India–Pakistan nuclear trilemma. It touches on the chronic India–Pakistan confrontation and argues that it is extremely important but also equally difficult for India and Pakistan to reset their relationship from confrontation to cooperation. Finally, the Policy Brief offers proposals for concerned parties to manage their relationship and the consequent nuclear trilemma.