Dr. Tatsushi Arai
Tatsushi (Tats) Arai is a Research Fellow of the Toda Institute for Global Peace and Policy Research and Associate Professor of Conflict Transformation at SIT Graduate Institute in Vermont. Previously, Tats taught International Relations at the National University of Rwanda in the aftermath of the 1994 genocide. As a trainer, mediator, and dialogue facilitator, he has led a number of peacebuilding workshops for diplomats, civilian and military government personnel, representatives of international organizations, and religious and civil society leaders from around the world, especially in the Middle East, the African Great Lakes, East and South Asia, and North America. Tats’s most recent activities focus on field research in Pakistan and public speaking and dialogues aimed at transforming the underlying discourse of the war on terror in the West, as well as the growing networks of organized militancy in the Afghan-Pakistan context. His publications include Creativity and Conflict Resolution: Alternative Pathways to Peace (2009, Routledge). Currently, he is working on a book project (Peace Potential in Conflict), which seeks to theorize methods of applied practice informed by field experience in conflict-affected societies. Tats is a Japanese citizen, holds a PhD in Conflict Analysis and Resolution from George Mason University in Virginia, and lives in Massachusetts.
Dr. Toshiyuki Nasukawa
Dr. Toshiyuki Nasukawa has been a researcher with the Toda Institute for Global Peace and Policy Research since 2011. He graduated from Soka University in 1996, and has an M.A. and Ph.D. in International Relations from Waseda University. He was a research associate of Waseda University Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies from 2003 to 2005, and an assistant professor of Soka University Peace Research Institute from 2008 to 2011. His research focuses on human security. Currently he is examining the history of nuclear power in Japan. Japan is dependent on nuclear power for energy and security. Although the Fukushima Daiichi crisis revealed serious nuclear energy threats to Japan, there are still more than 40 nuclear plants in the country. Similarly, while Japan is committed to the elimination of nuclear weapons, its security relies on extended deterrence under the U.S. nuclear umbrella. The key question is how Japan can ensure its energy and national security without relying on nuclear power or extended deterrence. The human security lens provides insights into the ways in which both of these challenges can be addressed. Nasukawa has written papers on "The History and Development of 'Human Security' in Japanese Foreign Policy" (2008) and "'Human Security' in Japanese Foreign Policy: A Challenge to Peacebuilding" (2010).